Prediabetes is a critical phase in the trajectory of diabetes, serving as a warning sign that necessitates prompt action. This intermediate state occurs when blood sugar levels are higher than normal but not yet in the diabetic range.
How is Prediabetes Diagnosed?
Your doctor performs a blood test to assess the presence of prediabetes. Initially, they may opt for a "fasting blood sugar" test. Readings ranging from 100-125 mg per dL need an A1C blood test which indicates between 5.7% and 6.4%, the doctor advises diabetes screening.
Causes of Prediabetes
Unhealthy eating habits, sedentary lifestyle, obesity, central adiposity, family history or genetics, impaired glucose metabolism, and hormonal imbalances are some of the widely known causes of prediabetes.
How Common is it?
of the Indian population suffers from prediabetes
Indian men are affected with prediabetes or high blood sugar
prevalence of prediabetes is higher in the urban population
of individuals of 45 and above exhibit prediabetes prevalence
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Dt. Zubeda Tumbi
Dietician and Nutritionist
(Weight Management, Diabetology, Thyroid Disorders and Nutrition - Dietician and Nutritionist)
BHSc, MHSc, NET- SET, Ph.D Grants from IDRC Canada and TATA Chemicals, 29+ Years of Experience
Dr. Brahmita Monga
(Dermatology, Venereology and Leprosy - Dermatologist)
MBBS, MD in Dermatology, Venereology and Leprosy, 10 Years of Experience
Dr. Ashitabh Tiwari
(Psychiatrist, Neuropsychiatrist and Addiction Psychiatrist - Psychiatrist)
M.B.B.S, M.D Psychiatry, 17+ Years of Experience
Dr. Sandeep Govil
(Psychiatry - Psychiatrist)
"Male sexual health encompasses various issues and challenges that are often accompanied by social stigmas, hindering individuals from seeking the assistance they need. I strongly encourage people to educate themselves about matters concerning intimacy and explore comprehensive treatment options that incorporate both medical and psychological approaches."
Dr. Sharmila Majumdar
Sexologist and Psychologist
(Sexology, Cognitive Behaviour Modifications, and Idiopathic Infertilty - Sexologist and Psychologist)
"Sexual health often receives insufficient attention in India, leading to the delayed seeking of medical assistance for intimacy and relationship concerns. It is crucial for individuals to proactively pursue treatment, as early intervention yields more effective and viable solutions."
What is the difference between Prediabetes and Diabetes?
One key distinction lies in the reversibility factor. Prediabetes is reversible through proactive measures such as lifestyle modifications, enabling individuals to reclaim control over their health and prevent progression to diabetes. In contrast, diabetes requires long-term management to maintain blood sugar levels within a target range. This involves a combination of medication, dietary adjustments, regular exercise, and close monitoring of blood sugar levels to minimize the risk of complications.
If I have prediabetes, can I avoid developing diabetes?
If you have prediabetes, it is indeed possible to prevent or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes through proactive measures. By taking decisive actions, you can significantly reduce the progression from prediabetes to diabetes. Here's what you can do: • Embrace a healthy lifestyle with optimal nutrition and regular physical activity • Achieve and maintain a healthy weight with effective weight management and controlling portion of eating • Regular monitoring and medical support can be helpful with routine check-ups and taking medication, if necessary • Get yourself educated through diabetes education programs and keep yourself informed
My father has diabetes. Should I be screened for prediabetes regularly?
Absolutely! Given your family history of diabetes, it is wise to undergo regular screening for prediabetes. This proactive approach can help you detect any early signs of prediabetes and take necessary actions to prevent or delay the onset of diabetes.
Are there any foods that might help me in avoiding prediabetes?
Certainly! While no single food can guarantee the prevention of prediabetes, adopting a healthy and balanced diet can significantly reduce your risk. Here are some foods and dietary recommendations that may be beneficial: whole grains (oats, quinoa, brown rice, and whole wheat bread), fruits and vegetables, lean proteins (skinless poultry, fish, beans, lentils, and tofu), healthy fats (avocados, nuts, seeds, and olive oil), limit sugary and processed foods (sugary beverages, sweets, processed snacks, and refined grains), and stay hydrated by drinking water throughout the day.